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понима́ть

verb, imperfective
Partner понять
very often used word (#124)

Translation

Please do not include annotations (e.g. "medicine" or "colloquially") or hints of usage (e.g. "[Acc.]").
Separate translations by commata. New major meaning should get a new line entry.
  • 1.
    understand, comprehend, realize

    understand

    Also: comprehend, realize

Also

Editing translations: Please do not include annotations (e.g. "medicine" or "colloquially") or hints of usage (e.g. "[Acc.]").
Separate translations by commata. New major meaning should get a new line entry.

A good example is ручка which looks like
1. pen, ballpoint
2. handle, knob, grip
3. arm
4. arm rest

Usage Info

Enter free text here about how to use this word, when to use it or whatever should be known by learners.

Examples

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Editing examples: Please add/edit sentences at tatoeba.org, we update regularly from there :-)

Imperative

singular понима́й
plural понима́йте

Accents: Mark the accent with a ' character behind the vowel, e.g. ру'чки. Leave out the stress when it is unambiguous, which is when the word contains ё or only one vowel (the vowels are а, я, э, е, ы, и, о, ё, у and ю).

Past

male понима́л
female понима́ла
neuter понима́ло
plural понима́ли

Accents: Mark the accent with a ' character behind the vowel, e.g. ру'чки. Leave out the stress when it is unambiguous, which is when the word contains ё or only one vowel (the vowels are а, я, э, е, ы, и, о, ё, у and ю).

Present / Future

Present
Future
я понима́ю бу́ду понима́ть
ты понима́ешь бу́дешь понима́ть
он/она́/оно́ понима́ет бу́дет понима́ть
мы понима́ем бу́дем понима́ть
вы понима́ете бу́дете понима́ть
они́ понима́ют бу́дут понима́ть

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