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кото́рый

adjective
very often used word (#23)

Translation

Please do not include annotations (e.g. "medicine" or "colloquially") or hints of usage (e.g. "[Acc.]").
Separate translations by commata. New major meaning should get a new line entry.
  • 1.
    which, who, that

    which

    Also: who, that

Also

Editing translations: Please do not include annotations (e.g. "medicine" or "colloquially") or hints of usage (e.g. "[Acc.]").
Separate translations by commata. New major meaning should get a new line entry.

A good example is ручка which looks like
1. pen, ballpoint
2. handle, knob, grip
3. arm
4. arm rest

Usage Info

Enter free text here about how to use this word, when to use it or whatever should be known by learners.

Examples

Please add/edit sentences at tatoeba.org, we update regularly from there :-)
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Editing examples: Please add/edit sentences at tatoeba.org, we update regularly from there :-)

Learn by writing

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[{"id":"8149","ru":"\u041e\u043d\u0438 \u0441\u043c\u0435\u044f́\u043b\u0438\u0441\u044c \u043d\u0430\u0434 \u0444\u043e\u0442\u043e\u0433\u0440\u0430́\u0444\u0438\u0435\u0439, \u043d\u0430 \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u043e\u0439 \u044f \u0438\u0437\u043e\u0431\u0440\u0430\u0436\u0451\u043d \u043c\u0430\u043b\u044c\u0447\u0438́\u0448\u043a\u043e\u0439.","tl":"They laughed at the photograph of my boyhood.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":35,"length":8}]},{"id":"6567","ru":"\u041a\u0440\u043é\u0445\u0438, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u044b\u0435 \u044f \u043f\u043e\u043b\u0443\u0447\u0430́\u044e \u0432 \u043a\u0430́\u0447\u0435\u0441\u0442\u0432\u0435 \u0436\u0430́\u043b\u043e\u0432\u0430\u043d\u0438\u044f, \u043d\u0438\u043a\u0443\u0434\u0430 \u043d\u0435 \u0433\u043e\u0434\u044f́\u0442\u0441\u044f.","tl":"The chicken feed I get for a salary is good for nothing.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":8,"length":8}]},{"id":"1099","ru":"\u0415\u0441\u0442\u044c \u0432\u043e\u043f\u0440\u043é\u0441\u044b, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u044b\u0435 \u043d\u0430\u043c \u043d\u0435\u043e\u0431\u0445\u043e\u0434\u0438\u043c\u043e \u043e\u0431\u0441\u0443\u0434\u0438́\u0442\u044c.","tl":"They are matters which we need to discuss.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":15,"length":8}]},{"id":"4627","ru":"\u042d́\u0442\u043e \u0448\u043a\u043é\u043b\u0430, \u0432 \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u043e\u0439 \u043e\u043d\u0430 \u043f\u0440\u0435\u043f\u043e\u0434\u0430\u0451\u0442.","tl":"This is the school where she is teaching.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":15,"length":8}]},{"id":"1665","ru":"\u041f\u0440\u0438\u0447\u0438́\u043d\u0430, \u043f\u043e \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u043e\u0439 \u043c\u044b \u043d\u0435 \u043c\u043é\u0436\u0435\u043c \u0441\u043e\u0433\u043b\u0430\u0441\u0438́\u0442\u044c\u0441\u044f \u0441 \u0435\u0433\u043e \u043c\u043d\u0435́\u043d\u0438\u0435\u043c, \u0431\u0443\u0434\u0435\u0442 \u0443\u043a\u0430\u0437\u0430\u043d\u0430 \u043d\u0438\u0436\u0435.","tl":"The reason why we cannot support his view will be given below.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":13,"length":8}]},{"id":"3815","ru":"\u042d́\u0442\u043e \u0432\u0435\u0441\u044c \u0432\u043é\u0437\u0434\u0443\u0445, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u044b\u0439 \u043d\u0430\u043c \u0434\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0443́\u043f\u0435\u043d.","tl":"This is all the air that is available to us.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":19,"length":8}]},{"id":"6855","ru":"\u0422\u044b \u043d\u0435 \u0434\u043e\u043b\u0436\u0435\u043d \u0447\u0438\u0442\u0430́\u0442\u044c \u0442\u0430\u043a\u0438́\u0435 \u043a\u043d\u0438́\u0433\u0438, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u044b\u0435 \u0442\u0435\u0431\u0435 \u043d\u0430\u0432\u0440\u0435\u0434\u044f́\u0442.","tl":"You must not read such books as will do you harm.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":36,"length":8}]},{"id":"2685","ru":"\u041e\u043d \u0447\u0430\u0441\u0442\u043e \u0433\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0440\u0438́\u043b \u043e \u043b\u044é\u0434\u044f\u0445, \u0441\u0440\u0435\u0434\u0438 \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u044b\u0445 \u0436\u0438\u043b, \u043f\u043e\u043a\u0430 \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0432 \u0410\u0444\u0440\u0438\u043a\u0435.","tl":"He would often talk about the people he had lived among while he was in Africa.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":34,"length":8}]},{"id":"6944","ru":"\u041c\u043e\u0434\u0435́\u043b\u044c \u0441\u0430\u043c\u043e\u043b\u0451\u0442\u0430, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u0443\u044e \u043e\u043d\u0438 \u043f\u043e\u0441\u0442\u0440\u043é\u0438\u043b\u0438, \u0431\u044b\u043b\u0430́ \u0445\u0440\u0443́\u043f\u043a\u043e\u0439.","tl":"The model plane they built was fragile.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":18,"length":8}]},{"id":"4552","ru":"\u041e\u043d\u0430 \u0432\u0437\u044f\u043b\u0430́ \u043d\u0430 \u0441\u0435\u0431\u044f \u0445\u043b\u043e\u043f\u043e\u0442\u044b \u043e\u0442\u0432\u0435\u0441\u0442\u0438́ \u043c\u0435\u043d\u044f \u0434\u043e \u0434\u043e\u043c\u0430, \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u044b\u0439 \u044f \u0438\u0441\u043a\u0430́\u043b.","tl":"She troubled herself to take me to the house I was looking for.","links":[{"bareId":31,"start":50,"length":8}]}]

Declension

кото'р-
mmasculin
ffeminin
nneuter
plplural
nom. nominative -ый кото́рый -ая кото́рая -ое кото́рое -ые кото́рые
gen. genitive -ого кото́рого -ой кото́рой -ого кото́рого -ых кото́рых
dat. dative -ому кото́рому -ой кото́рой -ому кото́рому -ым кото́рым
acc. accusative -ый -ого кото́рый
кото́рого
-ую кото́рую -ое кото́рое -ые -ых кото́рые
кото́рых
inst. instrumental -ым кото́рым -ой кото́рой -ым кото́рым -ыми кото́рыми
prep. prepositional -ом кото́ром -ой кото́рой -ом кото́ром -ых кото́рых

Editing declensions: If there are two forms for a word, please separate them by a comma.

Accents: Mark the accent with a ' character behind the vowel, e.g. ру'чки. Leave out the stress when it is unambiguous, which is when the word contains ё or only one vowel (the vowels are а, я, э, е, ы, и, о, ё, у and ю).

Related Words

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