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быть

verb, imperfective
very often used word (#7)

Translation

Please do not include annotations (e.g. "medicine" or "colloquially") or hints of usage (e.g. "[Acc.]").
Separate translations by commata. New major meaning should get a new line entry.
  • 1.
    be

    be

Also

Editing translations: Please do not include annotations (e.g. "medicine" or "colloquially") or hints of usage (e.g. "[Acc.]").
Separate translations by commata. New major meaning should get a new line entry.

A good example is ручка which looks like
1. pen, ballpoint
2. handle, knob, grip
3. arm
4. arm rest

Usage info

Enter free text here about how to use this word, when to use it or whatever should be known by learners.

Examples

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Editing examples: Please add/edit sentences at tatoeba.org, we update regularly from there :-)

Learn by writing

Finished learning 😊 👍

[{"id":"2016","ru":"\u041e\u043d \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0433\u043e\u0442\u043e\u0432 \u043f\u043e\u043c\u043e\u0447\u044c \u0435\u0439 \u043c\u044b\u0442\u044c \u043f\u043e\u0441\u0443́\u0434\u0443.","tl":"He was ready to help her with dish-washing.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":3,"length":3}]},{"id":"2417","ru":"\u041c\u0443\u0436\u0447\u0438́\u043d\u0430 \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0443\u0434\u0438\u0432\u043b\u0451\u043d \u043d\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0441\u0442\u044f́\u043c.","tl":"The man was surprised at the news.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":9,"length":3}]},{"id":"741","ru":"\u0411\u0443\u0434\u044c \u043e\u0441\u0442\u043e\u0440\u043é\u0436\u0435\u043d \u043f\u043e \u0434\u043e\u0440\u043é\u0433\u0435 \u0434\u043e\u043c\u043e\u0439.","tl":"Be careful on your way back home.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":0,"length":4}]},{"id":"905","ru":"\u0413\u043e\u0432\u043e\u0440\u044f́\u0442, \u043e\u043d \u0431\u044b\u043b \u043e\u0447\u0435\u043d\u044c \u0431\u043e\u0433\u0430́\u0442.","tl":"They say he was very rich.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":13,"length":3}]},{"id":"2244","ru":"\u0412\u0447\u0435\u0440\u0430́ \u0431\u044b\u043b \u043d\u0435\u0431\u043e\u043b\u044c\u0448\u043é\u0439 \u0434\u043e\u0436\u0434\u044c.","tl":"There was a light rain yesterday.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":7,"length":3}]},{"id":"1380","ru":"\u0413\u043é\u0440\u043d\u0430\u044f \u0442\u0440\u043e\u043f\u0430 \u0431\u044b\u043b\u0430́ \u0443\u043a\u0440\u044b́\u0442\u0430 \u043c\u044f́\u0433\u043a\u0438\u043c \u043e\u0434\u0435\u044f́\u043b\u043e\u043c \u043b\u0438́\u0441\u0442\u044c\u0435\u0432, \u043f\u043e \u043a\u043e\u0442\u043é\u0440\u043e\u043c\u0443 \u0431\u044b́\u043b\u043e \u043b\u0435\u0433\u043a\u043e \u0438\u0434\u0442\u0438́.","tl":"The mountain path was under a blanket of leaves, soft and easy to walk on.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":14,"length":5}]},{"id":"1961","ru":"\u042f \u0431\u044b \u043b\u0443́\u0447\u0448\u0435 \u0431\u044b\u043b \u043f\u0442\u0438́\u0446\u0435\u0439, \u0447\u0435\u043c \u0440\u044b́\u0431\u043e\u0439.","tl":"I'd rather be a bird than a fish.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":12,"length":3}]},{"id":"446","ru":"\u0412\u0447\u0435\u0440\u0430́ \u044f \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0431\u043é\u043b\u0435\u043d.","tl":"Yesterday I was ill.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":9,"length":3}]},{"id":"550","ru":"\u041e\u043d \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0441\u0430\u043c \u0432\u0438\u043d\u043e\u0432\u0430́\u0442.","tl":"It was his own fault.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":3,"length":3}]},{"id":"2265","ru":"\u041e\u043d \u0431\u044b\u043b \u0442\u0430\u043a \u043f\u044c\u044f\u043d, \u0447\u0442\u043e \u0435\u0433\u043e \u043e\u0431\u044a\u044f\u0441\u043d\u0435́\u043d\u0438\u044f \u043d\u0435 \u0438\u043c\u0435́\u043b\u0438 \u0441\u043c\u044b́\u0441\u043b\u0430.","tl":"He was so drunk that his explanation did not make sense.","links":[{"bareId":9,"start":3,"length":3}]}]

Imperative

Singular бу́дь
Plural бу́дьте

Accents: Mark the accent with a ' character behind the vowel, e.g. ру'чки. Leave out the stress when it is unambiguous, which is when the word contains ё or only one vowel (the vowels are а, я, э, е, ы, и, о, ё, у and ю).

Past

male бы́л
female была́
neuter бы́ло
plural бы́ли

Accents: Mark the accent with a ' character behind the vowel, e.g. ру'чки. Leave out the stress when it is unambiguous, which is when the word contains ё or only one vowel (the vowels are а, я, э, е, ы, и, о, ё, у and ю).

Present / Future

Present
Future
я есть бу́ду быть
ты есть бу́дешь быть
он/она́/оно́ есть бу́дет быть
мы есть бу́дем быть
вы есть бу́дете быть
они́ есть бу́дут быть

Related words

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